iCoat - Concrete Products

Office: 877-669-1110
Headquarters Direct : (602) 258.1114

Questions

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iCOAT Interior Floors

  • When using iCOAT over existing floors, is it better to fill medium/large voids with another material or should the iCOAT material be used?

We have a product for that purpose, it is called Patch and Fill

 

  • I have heard that the iCOAT process can go over virtually any existing, sound surface? Is that really true? Are there limitations?

Clean and sound substrates with like thermal expansion properties. We do not go over metal or fiberglass and only wood that has been properly prepared by istalling hydro-membrane and lathe.

 

  • Should iCOAT be used over interior flooring that is glued in place? (self-stick tiles, or vinyl flooring?)

It can be, but it is always best to remove those products if they are over concrete unless the glue used to secure the tile is asbestos containing which would make removal hazardous. If the tiles are over  wood or upper flooring substrates such as OSB then it is not necessary to remove the tiles as they can be left in lieu using hydromembrane.

 

  • Can iCOAT be used over existing hardwood, (aging foyer or revamp of entrance way, etc.). Should there be some preparation (like adding a luan sub-floor).

Icoat can be used over plywood or OSB. Necessary prep steps involve rolling on a coat or two of hydromembrane then stapling stucco lathe with overlappedseams over the wood. Base mix is used to fill in the lathe and create a monolithic reinforced substrate.

 

  • What do you do if there is residual adhesive on the existing floor?

Carpet and linoleum adhesives come off smooth concrete fairly easily. It is best to soften the glue with xylene or a stripper such as Jasco, then remove it with a wall shaver and 8” razor blade. If the concrete is heavily broomed and has glue then it may be necessary to grind the glue off. Black mastic should be cleaned as best as possible, rinsed to clean water then covered with a layer of undiluted Resin 221 which must dry before installation.

 

  • How much weight does the iCOAT process add to an interior floor (lbs/sq ft – assuming a “standard“ thickness of material)?

Typically 1 lb per square foot.


  • What is the average thickness of an iCOAT installation?

1/16th”  to 5/32nd”

 

  • iCOAT seems to be a multi-coat process. Is there any concern about delaminating?

No, our products are all compatible and bond well above industry standard to one another. The product can be applied over itself even if sealed with the use of Icoat Adhesion Enhancer.

 

  • How do you prep if the existing floor has been painted or epoxy coated?

Clean the floor, allow to dry, install a layer of Icoat Adhesion Enhancer with a pump can, allow to start to dry then rinse or mop the floor to clean water, install Icoat.

 

  • Is the iCOAT interior floor material the same as is used for exterior surfaces?

Yes with the exception of the recommended sealers. ICRU-6 is the preferred interior sealer and I-22/30 is best for outdoor application.

  • Will the iCOAT products seal a basement floor to potentially stop seepage of radon gas?

No, Icoat has joint filler compounds but makes no claims for Radon eradication.

  • I believe iCOAT is essentially a concrete based product. As far as I know, there are only two kinds of concrete – 1) Concrete that has cracked, and 2) Concrete that is going to crack. Does iCOAT tend to follow that same trend?

Concrete should crack as planned by the contractor, however we know this isn’t true in all cases. Icoat has several methods and products for crack repair depending on the size of the crack. Icoat recommends Crack-RX100 for most cracks and hydromembrane over the Crack RX for interior floors. Many times it is beneficial to incorporate the cracks  into the pattern or accentuate them as “decorative cracking” in a seamless stone pattern.

  • When floors are surfaced done with iCOAT is the coating surface very slick? Does snow/rain make it even more slick?

Icoat overlay installations as taught by Icoat are all considered non-skid by ASTM slip tests. If the surface is trowelled too smoothly then the surface may become more slippery however, Sherwin Williams sells a product called Shark Grip that can be added to the sealer to increase slip resistance.

  • Will iCOAT floors stain? Can they be cleaned with conventional floor cleaning materials?

Icoat recommends our fine barrier type sealers which are highly stain and chemical resistant. Most household cleaners can be used on Icoat flooring products but we have a whole line of cleaning products featuring Degrease for initial or heavy cleaning, Maintain which is a no-rinse floor cleaner which leaves the product looking freshly seale and Renew which is a high sheen buffable wax/ sacrificial coating that commercial clients desire.

  • Is the iCOAT integrity attached by any chemistry after it is allowed to properly cure?

What?

  • How much working time is there with the iCOAT floor materials? Is the working time greatly affected by temperature and humidity (or lack thereof)?

Working time: Once the product is applied to the floor.
Open Time: Once the product is mixed and is still in the bucket.
Both working time and open time are greatly influenced by ambient temperature, material temperature and humidity. Concrete products lose their workability at 90 degrees so if the bags, water and Resin 221 are all 90 degrees or higher, then the material will not apply properly. We address hot weather application by NEVER diluting the Resin until a batch is ready to be mixed; this gives us the flexibility to use chilled or ice water for the mix. Ice water will extend open and working time significantly. Working time will additionally be affected by direct sunlight, substrate temperature and porosity and mix viscosity; installation of the adhesion enhancer according to instructions will prevent outgassing in porous floors and cool temperatures of hot substrates. Cooler weather conditions obviously have the opposite effect; open and working times are extended into undesirable gaps between application steps. Heated water, heaters to raise the ambient temperature and fans or blowers to move the air will all reduce working times.

  • What is the walk-on cure time typically? Is that affected by temperature and humidity?

As soon as the sealer dries completely the Icoat flooring can be opened to foot traffic, typically this is same day for the I-22/30 and the next day for ICRU or other dual component products.

  • When does the material reach its full strength?

Icoat flooring products reach a full cure at 28 days.

  • Is the material somewhat flexible to tolerate potential movement due to expansion or contraction of the underlying surfaces?

The Icoat flooring product has exceptional tensile strength to tolerate movement expected with all acceptable substrates. The product will telegraph structural cracking from the substrate and is NOT designed to bridge cracks or expansion joints.

  • Does iCOAT actually adhere to most existing materials, or does it form a new - but somewhat separated - layer over the existing surface?

Icoat is bonded directly to the surface it is applied to with the exception of its application over wood. The hydromembrane provided the separation, the material is bonded directly to that and reinforced against delamination by the lathe.

  • If the iCOAT interior materials are used in a foyer (for instance) they may see some extremes of temperature and humidity. Are there special considerations for that application?

No, the products are capable of withstanding extreme temperature swings.

  • Are there MSDS sheets available for the raw iCOAT materials - for the persons handling the materials?

MSDS sheets are available to installers on the Icoat Intranet site.

  • Is there MSDS information for the product as installed – for the end user?

MSDS is an analysis of the materials and safety risks of the products during handling and installation, not after completion.

  • Are there hazards when drilling or grinding the material after it sets? What is in the dust created? Fibers, etc?

Flooring products contain silica sand and proper respiration equipment should be utilized to avoid inhalation.

  • Does the product shrink or expand as it cures?

All concrete products are at their maximum volume when they are being installed. Because the Icoat flooring products are applied so thinly, there is insignificant evidence of shrinkage. Repairs or transition areas that require a thicker buildup of material should utilize Icoat Patch and Fill which is a rapid set product.

  • Is there any max (or min) temperature for proper installation?

Icoat recommends installation temperatures of 45 F and rising for installation of flooring products. Icoat products should not freeze before drying completely. There are no maximum temperatures as long as high heat installation techniques are employed.

  • Is there a max (or min) temperature for normal use?

What?

  • Should a covered porch area be considered as an interior or an exterior floor?

With the exception of the possibility of debris contaminating a slow drying sealer, and drainage during preparation of the substrate, interior and exterior flooring is treated the same.

  • What is the cured strength of the completed material?

We have tests approaching 8000 psi compressive strength and 2000 psi tensile strength.

  • What is the recommended max load on iCOAT? Point loading? Average floor loading (lb/sq ft)?

Icoat products maximum loads are directly reflective of the substrate they are applied to.


iCOAT Interior Countertops

  • If a deep scratch penetrates the top sealer, is there concern about possible delamination because the next layer is exposed.

It is not likely that the epoxy could be scratched through completely but if it were then the answer would be determined by the substrate. If the core used was not water proof and became exposed to water then it would likely swell and cause delamination. The selection of Medex as a core will be insurance against many delamination causes.

  • Is the product permanently sealed (assuming no mechanical abrasion etc). Or, is there some form of sealer that should be used on a routine basis?

The epoxy is a permanent sealer for the countertop systems. It can be buffed from time to time to remove any scratching. The epoxy could be re-applied in the unlikely event that it was necessary.

  • Will there be any expansion or shrinkage as the product is applied and allowed to dry?

No noticeable shrinkage will occur within recommended thickness guidelines.

  • Is there a thermal reaction (heating up) as the material cures?

The heat of hydration of the cements and the chemical curing of the epoxy will not be noticeable. If the epoxy cures in bulk in a container then it will discharge significant heat.

  • Is a countertop four layers and a sealer? Are all the layers the same material (except maybe for color)?

Icoat requires only three layers as our product has significant advantages over similar product offerings; application is one brush coat, the edges and two trowel coats which are applied wet over damp. The countertop composite can be used for all layers. Countertop UF can be substituted for the final trowel layer for a smoother surface.

  • Is a countertop affected by common household cleaners and chemistry – bleach, counter top cleaners, dish soaps, SOS pads, disinfectants, etc?

Icoat counters are not susceptible to chemical damage from any household cleaners but abrasives should never be used as they can scratch the epoxy.

  • Will iCOAT stand nail polish remover (basically acetone)? What about Goo-Gone?

Acetone and nail polish can bond chemically to the epoxy but will not cause damage from incidental contact.

  • Are there MSDS sheets available for the raw iCOAT materials - for the persons handling the materials?

MSDS sheets are available to installers on the Icoat Intranet site.

  • Is there MSDS information for the product as installed – for the end user?

MSDS is an analysis of the materials and safety risks of the products during handling and installation, not after completion.

  • Are there hazards when drilling or grinding the material after it sets? What is in the dust created? Fibers, etc?

Icoat products contain silica sand, proper respiration equipment should be utilized to avoid inhalation.

  • Is iCOAT weakened or attached by any known chemical?

Household chemicals do not affect Icoat countertops, there are many laboratory chemicals that could affect the finish; Icoat does offer a cyclo-aliphatic epoxy for extreme environments.

  • Will the material fracture and break like concrete?

Icoat counters are significantly more impact resistant than concrete, granite or corian countertops.

  • What average thickness is added by the iCOAT process?

Approximately 1/8”

  • Can the edges of countertops be created to give an ogee or other decorative rounding effect?

Many edges can be replicated as desired however Icoat basic techniques seminars show two edges, flat and chiseled. These two looks are easy to do and replicate a high end granite product. Bull nose or rounded edges are indicative of low end granite or corian.

  • How much time will the average countertop take to dry? Time to reach ultimate durability and hardness?

Icoat recommends a week of cure time before normal use. The customer can use towels to protect the counter during curing.

  • Can conventional sink installation putty and sealants be used with iCOAT?

Yes all caulks and putties work with Icoat counters.

  • How do you drill a countertop for faucet fittings, etc? Diamond bits? Carbide bits, or???

A standard holesaw works well to drill out holes for faucets. Sink holes can be cut out with a jigsaw.

  • Will the countertop haze or cloud with time?

No, Icoat epoxy will remain clear unless moisture becomes trapped underneath it from substrate damage.


iCOAT Interior Walls

  • Is the iCOAT wall material the same as the floor material? Maybe with a slightly different consistency so it stays in place until dry?

Icoat is currently testing a unique wall product system. Flooring or countertop products can be used on any vertical wall or shower application.

  • How much weight does the iCOAT process add to an interior wall (lbs/sq ft – assuming a “standard“ thickness of material)?

Weight would be between ½ and 1 lb per square foot.

  • What is the average thickness of an iCOAT installation?

1/16” to 1/8”

  • Can iCOAT be used over a new wall installation? Would you recommend drywall, or something like cement board as a backer?

Either of those make an acceptable substrate. If a shower is being built it is advisable to use greenboard or hardi-backer.

  • Should some sort of mesh be used as a backer for a wall installation over existing paint, paneling, etc?

Mesh is not necessary if the surface is clean and sound and properly prepared. Mesh can be used if desired.

  • Are there MSDS sheets available for the raw iCOAT materials - for the persons handling the materials?

Is there MSDS information for the product as installed – for the end user?
MSDS is an analysis of the materials and safety risks of the products during handling and installation, not after completion.


iCOAT Exterior Surfaces

  • How do you prep if the existing surface has been sealed with some penetrating type sealer (Thompson’s Water Seal, a silicone based sealer, etc.)?

Apply a small amount of muratic acid to a clean surface, if it fizzes then the concrete is not sealed.

  • Could an existing surface be too smooth to directly apply iCOAT – like a power-toweled garage floor or walkway?

Slick trowelled concrete can be etched with an acid solution to create an acceptable profile for resurfacing.

  • Will there be any expansion or shrinkage as the product is applied and allowed to dry?

All concrete products are at their maximum volume when they are being installed. Because the Icoat products are applied so thinly, there is insignificant evidence of shrinkage. Repairs or transition areas that require a thicker buildup of material should utilize Icoat Patch and Fill which is a rapid set product.

  • Is it possible to do exterior walls with iCOAT? Are there special considerations?

Yes, Icoat products work well vertically. Large jobs can be applied through a hopper gun or Graco texturemachine, then trowelled. Smaller jobs such as showers can be applied bu using a hawk or simply pouring the material on an upside down trowel as it is being applied.

  • What about foundation blocks that may be damp at various times of the year? Are they candidates for iCOAT?

Dampness is not an issue, however hydrostatic pressure could be. Always measure for vapor transmission rates if there is any question.

  • How will salt and other road chemicals affect the iCOAT product during use?

Icoat sealer are resistant to salt and deicer damage. In places that could be affected maintain a good and current seal.

  • Is the product permanently sealed (assuming no mechanical abrasion etc). Or, is there some form of sealer that should be used on a routine basis?

Icoat recommends re-sealing every 2 to 5 years depending on the amount of wear, exposure and sealer initially selected.

  • Is the same material used for external as well as interior floors/surfaces?

Icoat products are recommended for interior or exterior applications. Sealer selection is important on exterior jobs as debris can be deposited in a sealer with a long open time.

  • Is the surface material 2 coats/layers with a sealer?

Icoat flooring material can be applied with as few as one coat. There are occasions where multiple skim coats are required such as when filling in exposed aggregate, tile of other heavy profiles. The sealers should be applied according to product spec and desired gloss.

  • If this material is different than the interior material is there also MSDS information for both the raw material and for the finished product.

There are no safety concerns regarding the finished product and the MSDS sheets are available online.

  • What overall average thickness of material is expected with the finished product?

1/8” to 5/32”

  • What is the finished weight that is added by an iCOAT installation (lb/sq ft)?

Approximately 1 lb per square foot.

  • Is the coloring used resistant to sunlight fade, or aging?

Yes, all our colors are UV stable and also the sealers all contain UV additives.

  • Is the exterior material subject to mold and discoloration like normal concrete?

All Icoat products are sealed with a barrier forming sealer that prevents staining, oils and rust can stain the product if left on too long. Icoat sealers are also chemically resistant to most household products.
Icoat products comprise the fines acrylics available and are 100 percent non-reemulsifiable by water. Areas with extreme hydrostatic pressure such as pool walls should not be coated with Icoat products.

  • Does chlorine or other potential pool chemistry affect iCOAT?

Chlorine and acid can fade Icoat products in heavily concentrated form and salt damage can occur to substrates in salt water pools.

  • Can iCOAT be used around ponds? Will pond fish be affected by the iCOAT?

Icoat products have been used in and around fish ponds successfully for years; it is best to allow freshly built ponds to season with inexpensive fish to establish proper nitrate and nitrite concentrations before adding high end fish.

  • Is iCOAT affected by common household or garage materials (motor oil, bug sprays, antifreeze, harsh floor cleaners, weed killers, brake cleaner, WD-40, etc.)?

Brake cleaner can soften sealer and motor oils can cause staining if left on the surface for an extended period however most other household products will have no affect on the properly sealed Icoat surface.

  • Can a heavy duty power washer be used on iCOAT? Are there any risks?

Powerwashers work very well to clean Icoat products. Use no more than 4000 psi and no less than a 25 degree fan tip.

  • How long should it cure before attempting power washing?

28 days.

  • Are there MSDS sheets available for the raw iCOAT materials - for the persons handling the materials?

MSDS sheets are available to installers on the Icoat Intranet site.

  • Is there MSDS information for the product as installed – for the end user?

MSDS is an analysis of the materials and safety risks of the products during handling and installation, not after completion.

  • There seem to be a few product offerings for epoxy type garage floor sealers. Can part of the iCOAT process be used to seal and beautify a sound existing garage floor? If so, can it be colored – like the other folks have done? Or, are we better off leaving that particular market to the “other folks”.

We have a full line of garage systems under the Ipoxy label. Used in conjunction with the Adhesion Enhancer  and the ICRU6 our garage floor system is not only aesthetically pleasing but is designed to withstand even the harshest of environments.

  • Can an iCOAT surface stand the radiated heat of a free standing fire pit?

Radiated heat is fine, direct flame should not be applied to Icoat products.

  • Does the color of an external iCOAT installation go through the product or is it a surface colorant?

Many of the colors penetrate the surface when applied topically. Icoat Dispersing Colors can be mixed integrally as well.

  • When working with iCOAT, should conventional break lines be used - as with concrete installations?

All existing expansion joints MUST be honored when applying Icoat flooring products. Bridging expansion joints will lead to delamination.

  • Are expansion/transition strips necessary when installing against existing concrete or brick or block? Recommended?

All transions from one material to the next or with separate pours of concrete must be treated as an expansion joint. Never bridge products together with Icoat flooring products or delamination will occur.

  • Can/should the edges of iCOAT installations be rounded to avoid sharp edge breakage? (Common for standard concrete walks and steps)

Edges of high use areas could be rounded to prevent chipping.

  • If iCOAT is applied to an existing step that abuts a structure (concrete foundation, block wall, etc.) should a caulk/sealer be applied at the joint to keep water/snow from running down the crack and attacking the layers of iCOAT?

Applying caulk to an area such as that would be a good idea.

  • During installation how much affect will weather have? Is there a period after a rain that the iCOAT cannot be applied? If the surface is cool or cold, can iCOAT be applied? If there is a threat of rain within 12 hours, can iCOAT be applied? Will rain affect the individual layers of iCOAT as they are being applied?

Icoat needs to be applied to a nearly dry and clean substrate. After rain it is a good idea to clean any possible contaminants from the surface before resurfacing. Icoat products can get wet once they have been allowed to dry completely, if it rains between coats it is also advisable to rinse the entire job to remove contaminants and ensure color uniformity. Icoat products should be applied in temperatures of 45 F and rising and should never be allowed to freeze before dry.

  • Will tires affect the completed surface? Tire marks, chemical transfer, etc.?

Hot/ dirty tires will likely leave marking on lighter colors.

  • What is the cured strength of the completed material?

Tests nearing 8000 psi compressive strength have been performed on Icoat products.

  • Recommended max load bearing?

Load bearing will be determined by the substrate.

  • Concrete walkways, driveways and garage floors tend to shift due to extreme seasonal ground expansion and contraction. Will an iCOAT installation be affected by this?

Icoat will move with concrete surfaces without issue, however any cracking of the substrate will telegraph through the coating.

  • Are there hazards when drilling or grinding the material after it sets? What is in the dust created? Fibers, etc?

Flooring products contain silica sand and proper respiration equipment should be utilized to avoid inhalation.


iCOAT Exterior Countertops

  • Are the same interior countertop raw material used for exterior applications.

Interior substrate products are not acceptable for exterior installations. Epoxy products are not well suited for exterior exposed installations; ICRU6 is a good substitute.

  • Will there be any expansion or shrinkage as the product is applied and allowed to dry?

No noticeable shrinkage will occur within recommended thickness guidelines.

  • Will the material change in strength or brittleness during temperature extremes?

Temperature swings will not alter the properties of the product.

  • MSDS info available for raw and installed materials?

MSDS sheets are available to installers on the Icoat Intranet site.

  • What average thickness is added by the iCOAT process?

1/8”

  • Can the iCOAT exterior countertop stand the heat of a recessed BBQ grill?

Yes, it is a good idea to inlay metal edging to the area the grill will slide in on.

  • If the material is cut, how should the cut portions be sealed?

They should be sealed with the same sealer used originally.

  • What type of cutting tool can be used to cut an exterior countertop application? Does it cut like most concrete?

Use an angle grinder with a diamond blade for cutting concrete.

  • Does the color go through the countertop?

It depends on how the countertop is colored. There are techniques that incorporate color integrally but most looks are topically colored.

  • Will the color change with prolonged exposure to sunlight?

The color should not fade dramatically if the sealer is maintained.

  • Will the countertop haze or cloud with time?

No.

  • Will rain (or other weather problems) affect iCOAT installation?

If the proper substrate and sealers are selected for outdoor use the product will not be affected by weather.

  • Will any resealing be needed or is the initial installation considered to be permanent (barring mechanical damage to surfaces)?

Resealing should be done every 2 years or as needed.

 


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1519 W Grant St. Phoenix, AZ 85007
Office: 877-669-1110
Headquarters Direct : (602) 258.1114